An agreement has been reached EU General Agricultural Policy (CAP) for the next 7 years. The 27-man agrarian policy is managed and funded in a common way, a question that really defines how to allocate this huge envelope of 387 billion euros, which represents about 40% of the European budget.
This new “CAP” aims at “green” European agriculture, which currently accounts for less than 10% of the EU’s greenhouse gas emissions. But the reform was not considered sufficient by environmental NGOs and some lawmakers.
What will change with certainty?
In the face of a climate emergency, a quarter of the subsidies should be earmarked for green change through the “environmental regimes” system, which includes bonuses for farmers seeking environmental projects. So 27 states should allocate an average of 25% per annum direct payments to farmers between 2023 and 2027. This rate is less ambitious than what environmentalists are demanding.
Another change: the states will have a greater approach than ever before in implementing the measures to be followed (in the case of Belgium, these will be three regions). These national measures will be evaluated by Europe to determine if they actually meet European climate objectives.
Among these objectives, there are three key points: reducing greenhouse gases, reducing pesticides by 50% and allocating 1/4 of agricultural land to organic by 2030. However, non-compliance should not have adverse effects on states.
Larger farms are still preferred
Another point: under this new “CAP”, at least 10% of direct payments must be redistributed to small and medium farms. However, the greatest assistance to farmers should always be distributed according to the number of hectares of farms and, therefore, should favor larger farms over more family farming models.
Ultimately, this compromise deceives some environmental NGOs and some MPs. Marco Chondro of Greenpeace said: “This agreement continues to provide devastating support for industrial livestock […] We are not disappointed with this ‘greenwashing’.
Green MEP talks about Benoit Pito “Climate disaster“Again, an error. As a reminder, European auditors recently made this observation: The 100 billion euros dedicated in recent years to the” old “CAP’s green operations have not actually allowed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the European agricultural sector.
For his part, Franz Timmermans, in charge of Europe The Green Pact (Green Pact for Europe), Welcomed the agreement, while acknowledging that it was not an “evolution”, a “revolution”.
As a result of these negotiations the new public agricultural policy is yet to be approved by a vote in the European Parliament and the Council to be applied from 2023 onwards.
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