October 22, 2021

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Is Peru on the brink of a military coup?

Since last Tuesday, The results of the presidential election in Peru are known : The leader of the Peruvian presidential election for Socialist Point Castillo received 50.1% of the vote, after counting all the votes, to his conservative rival, Keiko Fujimori, with 49.9%.

Yes it can!“,”We did itProponents of her case have been working to make the actual transcript of this statement available online.

But the outcome of the June 6 election, which highlighted the country’s deep divisions, remains uncertain.

Fraud allegations

Keiko Fujimori, in fact, denounced election fraud without evidence And demanded the cancellation of some votes.

The right-wing candidate says he is still waiting for the results of several appeals filed against the results. The legal attack took place on June 7, the day after the election. Keiko Fujimori’s party, Fursa Popular, claims that there were several irregularities during the referendum.

There is no evidence to talk about election fraud

A small claim by independent international observers who appeared during the vote believe, for their part, that it took place in the voting rules. So, Election Monitoring Mission of the Organization of American States (OAS) PollPositive“With and without”Serious abuses“. Adriana Urrutia, president of the voluntary charity Transparencia, told El Comrizio daily.There is no evidence to talk about election fraud“.

Call for a military coup?

But the right-wing candidate was not credited. Its many supporters. Since Tuesday, former presidential generals have spoken out in support of the daughter of former President Alberto Fujimori, who was sentenced in 2009 to 25 years in prison.

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Several hundred retired officers have actually signed a letter, which echoes the allegationsFrauds“Right-wing populist candidate Keiko Fujimori is wearing, and Point Pedro Castillo is asking the military to stop being declared.”Illegal and illegal way“President of Peru. Letter, accuses”Senior government officials“Should have taken”Truth and reason“The left-wing candidate was handed over to the military high command in Lima on Thursday.

In a democracy the armed forces do not choose

A letter that seems as outrageous as a call for a military coup … and this has provoked the wrath of interim President Francisco Chastity. “This is unacceptable […] This group, which has retired from the military, thinks it can encourage the high command of the military, air and navy to violate the rule of law.“He said in a televised speech.”In a democracy the armed forces do not choose, are completely neutral and respect the constitution very much“, Recalled the head of state through the interim, which ends on July 28.”I asked the Minister of Defense to send this letter to the Office of the Attorney General […] Therefore investigations are being carried out to determine the acts which are detrimental to the constitutional order and to establish various responsibilities.“, He added.



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Keiko Fujimori, June 15 at the headquarters of his Forza popular party, © AFP or licensees

After his first defeat of Keiko Fujimori in the second round of the 2011 presidential election, the defeat close to the goal will be a new disappointment. This would, above all, cause the president to lose his immunity.

Threat of 30 years imprisonment

Like his father, 46-year-old Keiko Fujimori is actually in trouble with his country’s justice over a corruption case.

In early March, several Latin American leaders of a Brazilian construction company admitted to bribing him as part of a 30-year prison sentence against him and his husband Marc Vito Villanella for 22 years as part of an investigation into the Odebrecht scandal. He has already spent 16 months in pre-trial detention in the case for illegally funding his last presidential campaign.

Jose Domingo Perez, the attorney in charge of the case, had demanded that the candidate should have enjoyed parole since May 2020.Canceled“.

So Keiko Fujimori is playing its future.

But fears of deep instability in the country are so real that the writer, Mario Vargas Losa, backed the populist right-wing candidate, even last Sunday with his comrades. “Wisdom“And don’t talk”Fraud“Until the official results of the vote are released.

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Michael Bachelet on Monday “Stay calm to avoid further social divisions“In a country of 33 million people.



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Pedro Castillo, the candidate for the Peruvian Libraries, on the balcony of his party premises © AFP or licensees

If 51-year-old Puntaren Castillo is confirmed as the winner of the election, his acceptance of the presidency will mark a profound change in the country. This author is a trade unionist, new to politics, and has repeatedly said that it will be with his rivalIn a rich country there are no longer poor “ That corruption will continue. Its left-wing program gives the tribal people the pride of the place and reflects the hope of thousands of Peruvians.

From the depths of the communities, from the marginalized areas of the countryside, there is a strong will and a social and political fabric, firmly marked with a strong voice and political will, and has ethnic roots.“, Explain the Francisco Hidalgo floor.

Thus, a political proposal emerging from the countryside, with roots in the indigenous fields, farmers, artisans and teachers, born from organizations based on these sites, with leaders from the same social strata, they create them – even part with a plan for this social fabric and social change, against the establishment , And it reproduces itself at the national level and becomes a trend across the country, breaking conventional trends and managing to gain such a strength, and it is an optional success, enormous, which takes a lot of social preferences, a lot of synchronicity, an energetic courage against the dominant system“, He adds.

Following the November 2020 popular uprising against the actions of parliament and the three presidents taking office in 10 days, this presidential election was expected to end long-term political instability in the country, which saw six foreign ministers in a year.

But the future president will not have independent control over the rule. During the first round of assembly elections, scheduled for early April, a majority did not appear. Point Pedro Castillo’s Peruvian Libre party came slightly ahead of Keiko Fujimori’s Fursa Popular.

Hope for those who live in deep Peru

From the depths of the communities, from the marginalized areas of the countryside, there is a strong will and a social and political fabric, firmly marked with a strong voice and political will, and has ethnic roots.“, Explain the Francisco Hidalgo floor.

Thus, a political proposal emerging from the countryside, with roots in the indigenous fields, farmers, artisans and teachers, born from organizations based on these sites, with leaders from the same social strata, they create them – even part with a plan for this social fabric and social change, against the establishment , And it reproduces itself at the national level and becomes a trend across the country, breaking conventional trends and managing to gain such a strength, and it is an optional success, enormous, which takes a lot of social preferences, a lot of synchronicity, an energetic courage against the dominant system“, He adds.

Following the November 2020 popular uprising against the actions of parliament and the inauguration of three presidents in 10 days, this presidential election was expected to end long-term political instability in the country, which saw six foreign ministers in a year.

But the future president will not have independent control over the rule. During the first round of assembly elections, scheduled for early April, a majority did not appear. Point Pedro Castillo’s Peruvian Libre party came slightly ahead of Keiko Fujimori’s Fursa Popular.

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