February 3, 2023


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A decade of conflict

Will the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan resume? This Tuesday, the most intense clashes since the end of the 2020 conflict took place. Worst: 25 Armenian dead or missing, 7 of the Azerbaijani soldiers were killed, Wounded and 13 Armenian prisoners captured by Azerbaijan. Armenian forces retreated and abandoned two military positions. Azerbaijan blames Armenia for the recent fighting, accusing it of attacking positions in the Kalbazar and Lachin districts west of Karabakh. These districts were returned to Baghdad by Yerevan last year after three decades of Armenian rule. Since the November 2020 ceasefire, Tense incidents and episodes Followed each other, but this time the confrontation was direct and violent. This increase continues for a few weeks. Despite a year of 2000 soldiers of the Russian peacekeeping forces.

One war was won by Armenia and the other by Azerbaijan

The 2020 conflict was about the fate of the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh. This mountainous region is heavily populated by Armenians Nearly 150,000 people. The fight began on September 27, 2020 and lasted six weeks.

Armenia, Christian, has traditionally allied with Russia. Hydrocarbon-rich Azerbaijan, Shiite Muslim and Turkish spokesman allied with Turkey.

படிக்க Read more: Why did the war resume in Nagorno-Karabakh? Evidence of conflict

More than 6,500 people were killed in the conflict last year. Armenia was forced to cede to Azerbaijan many of the glacial areas around Nagorno-Karabakh. (Also known as Nagorno-Karabakh, நாகர்னி பொருள் “High“Where”Mountain-based“By Armenians in Russian or Artzak). The Armenians lost two-thirds of their control. A single walkway in Latsin, controlled by the Russians, still connects Armenia.

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Controversial in Armenia and Azerbaijan, in 1923 Stalin decided to annex Nagorno-Karabakh to Azerbaijan, but with the law of autonomy. Used the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 to declare its independence from Azerbaijan with the support of Armenia.

The two countries clash in the First War, at which end Armenia controls the enclave and 7 surrounding areas inhabited by Azeri and Kurdish people, providing direct access to it. Conflict of years 1990 caused the death of 30,000 people and left hundreds of thousands of refugees.

In 1994, a ceasefire was reached between the United States, France and Russia, known as the “Minsk Group”. But without a permanent solution: Baku and Yerevan disagree on the status of this territory, which is declaring its independence in the name of the Artsok Republic.

Last year, the defeat of its Russian ally Armenia came as a shock and continued to shake up the political scene there. Several thousand people protested in Yerevan demanding the resignation of Nicole Pacchinian, described by the opposition.Traitor“For ending a fight with Baku.

For its part, Azerbaijan was able to rely on Turkish support during this war, particularly providing war drones. Russia has used this opportunity to coordinate the role of mediators in the region to the detriment of the West. Turkey has also reaffirmed its opposition to Moscow in the Caucasus.

Armenia accuses Azerbaijan of committing atrocities “War crimes Last fall. Azerbaijan Army “, a statement issued by the Human Rights Watch.Mistreated Armenian prisoners of war“By submitting them”Cruel and degrading treatment and torture“.