August 19, 2022

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Deal with Erdogan makes Stockholm tremble

“Sweden will not automatically hand over people to Turkey.” Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersen made the pledge on public broadcaster SVT in response to Ankara’s extradition request. “33 Terrorists” Served for its green light for Sweden and Finland’s entry into NATO.

Swedish, Finnish and Turkish diplomatic leaders signed on June 28, on the sidelines of the Atlantic Alliance summit in Madrid, an agreement to lift the Turkish veto on the two Nordic countries joining NATO. But the day after the agreement, Ankara demanded a countermeasure through the voice of its Justice Minister, Bekir Bostak, announcing its intention. “Ask Finland to hand over six PKK and several Fétö members and Sweden six PKK and eleven Fétö supporters”. Ankara considers the Kurdistan Workers’ Party a terrorist organization, as does Feto, the movement briefed by cleric Fethullah Gulen, who is suspected of instigating the July 2016 coup attempt.

As far as Turkey is concerned, the extradition of members of both organizations is expressly mentioned in the Madrid Agreement. “If they fulfill their duty, we will submit (the note) to Parliament.” Adoption, President Erdogan said Thursday evening. “If they don’t, there’s no question of us sending it to Parliament…” He announced that he was in Sweden He promised to deport 73 terrorists.. Stockholm recalls that its decisions on extradition are subject to justice “Freedom”.

To Magdalena Anderson “100% behind Madrid agreement”Many Kurds in the country, “no need to be afraid”. “I understand that some people fear that we will start arresting people in order to deport them. But it is important to stress that we will always respect Swedish law and international traditions, and we will never deport Swedish citizens.”

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Strong criticism

The deal drew sharp criticism from the ruling Social Democrats and their allies in parliament, the Left Party and the Greens. “Let us bow down to autocracy”Greens spokeswoman Märta Stenevi protested. “We gave too much to Erdogan”, to former Social Democratic Development Minister Pierre Schory. Following in his footsteps, former leader of the Kurdish National Union and a member of the Social Democratic Party, Wilton Tanrikulu, expressed regret. “Sweden abandons its democratic values”. “Anderson’s signature is unacceptable”He believes they were joined by Ridwan Altun, a member of the political organization NCDK, one of the largest Kurdish organizations in Sweden. “The deal sows anxiety among Kurds”, He told Eko radio, told them “Concerned and disappointed to be once again a victim of the pact between dictatorship and democracy”.

The Scandinavian kingdom has about 100,000 people of Kurdish descent, many of whom were born in Sweden.

The deal has raised reservations from some experts in Sweden and Finland. According to Martin Schein, a Finnish professor of international law and former UN special rapporteur on human rights and the fight against terrorism, the document was signed in Madrid. “To be taken seriously”Considered as “Legally Binding State Treaty”. He said to himself “Special Review”In a Swedish daily Dagens NyheterRegarding the fifth point of the agreement. Sweden and Finland confirm that they consider the PKK a terrorist organization as before.But both countries are true “Dismissing the motives of these terrorist organizations is worrying”, he believes. The PKK aims to be an independent Kurdistan, such a creation “may include individuals and organizations seeking to achieve this goal by democratic means”.

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Ove Bring is Professor of International Law at Stockholm University and the Swedish National Defense College “Contract can be interpreted in different ways”. “It’s a political document, it doesn’t affect Swedish law, and I don’t think it should be seen as a legal agreement.”

Whether the contract is binding or not, “Turkey still has power to block Sweden and Finland from joining”, According to Inger Osterdahl, professor of international law at Uppsala University. The Prime Minister replied “Does not rule out new problems with Turkey during accession” To NATO.