November 23 is exactly 100 days The Taliban have regained power in Afghanistan. Restarting this power is tantamount to depriving Afghan women of their rights and freedoms. How do they really enjoy it? Five of them have sent Excerpts from their BBC diary.
What has happened in Afghanistan in recent months?
Here is a quick idea to fully understand the situation today. The Taliban’s militant group was in power in Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001. The regime collapsed in the wake of the September 11 attacks and the bombings of the UN-led international coalition. The Taliban have been accused of supporting Al Qaeda terrorists and hiding Osama bin Laden among others.
After their fall, the Taliban weakened but did not disappear. In the 2010s, they gradually recaptured parts of the country. Until the capital is withdrawn, Kabul, This is August 15, 2021. Almost 20 years from the date of expulsion.
“Tell all women to go home”
That Sunday, Mari, this former Afghan soldier, leaves to work in a ministry every morning, looking forward to a busy day.
When he arrived at the workplace, his male colleagues were surprised. “You came to work! “, They say. “JI do not think Kabul will fall“, She responds.
But soon when her boss confronted her she did not put her bag near the desk: “Tell all the women to go homeMarie complies, going from room to room and telling the staff to leave immediately, but when her manager tells her to go home, she refuses.As long as my male colleagues stay and work, so do I.“, She says.
You should know that Mari is a senior civil servant. In the end, her boss reluctantly agrees, and she works with her male co-workers. But as the day goes on, news of the Taliban entering Kabul cannot be ignored. Marie’s boss closes the doors of the ministry and decides to send everyone home. She never came back.
People are running around like headless chickens
Should be fired At home, the same thing happened to Kadera. When the geography teacher was informed of the news of the attack on Kabul, he was interrupted by his director: all his students had to return home. He also sent his story to the BBC. Here are some excerpts.
When Kathera arrives at the bus stop, she sees people carrying luggage and children. Traffic is light at this time of night. A chaotic situation prevails. “EveryoneSarkardonA“She writes. What does this word mean?”Lost“.”It’s like Judgment Day here. This is a very bad dream“, She adds.
Most women are waiting at home.
And the dream did not end there. When the Taliban came to power in Afghanistan, many women remained at home. The only exception is in the health sector, where female workers are the most important to be marginalized. On August 27, the new Islamic Emirate called for health professionals to return to work.
Two weeks after the Taliban came to power, Mahera (name guessed) was recalled: a doctor who specializes in obstetrics and gynecology at a provincial hospital in a province in the north of the country.
A complicated situation for Mahera at the beginning, she makes sense of it His writings were sent to the BBC : “The first day I returned, I wore a satire (head-to-toe blanket). I was trembling down“, She says.”But over the course of the day, the Taliban got used to us and I think I don’t have to wear it anymore.
So the Taliban have become accustomed to the presence of women in the medical field. But in other fields it is not yet complete. So women decide to react. This is especially the case with Wahida, a law graduate. She explains His diary was sent to the BBC That she should act.
According to her, the arrival of Taliban soldiers, patrolling the streets and dictating the way people live is an unjust act to fight. She wondered why she did not dare to say anything to anyone. No longer allowed to work, Wahida sits on her balcony for several days.
Women’s protest: “Afghanistan is wounded. Opposition ”
“Afghanistan is wounded. It was broken to piecesShe thinks.
One night, she calls some friends. “Protests”, She writes. TheOn Saturday, September 4, 2021, many women demonstrated in Kabul for their rights in the hope of gaining the help of the international community. Although only a short distance away, the security forces decided to disperse them.
“There are many of them. They are all around us. We tell them we are quietly protesting, but before we know it we are stuck in a wall and they are throwing tear gas canisters at us“, Explains Wahida.
“I’m not afraid of your weapon”
The Taliban announced on Monday, September 6 that they had taken “complete” control of the Panjir Valley., The protest had been organized since the Taliban seized power. This time too, Wahida decided to protest with her sister-in-law and six male friends. She calls for a ceasefire. She He then meets a group of Taliban soldiers holding AK-47s. One of them goes to her and threatens her:It is good that you go home and prepare lunch “.
“I am not afraid of your gun. I can argue with you on any matter. And I don’t come home to cookVahita reacts.
At the end of the summer, The situation in Afghanistan is dire. Women can no longer work and children can no longer study.
A signature on a register and return home
In early September, the government agreed to allow elementary school children to continue their education in same-sex classes. Cadera, this geography professor, about whom we spoke above, is called. Yet in the notes he sent to the BBC, She explains that she is overwhelmed with excitement.
When she returns, she is immediately called to the chief’s office. All of his colleagues are there. They are asked to sign the register and go home. “The Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan still prevents women from working“, The director explains.
On the way back she has been standing in front of the class she has been teaching for 10 years. She tells the young boys that she will be back one day, but she can not hold back her tears.
Jala traded her skinny jeans for the hijab
The situation improves slightly as the days go by.
Jala (name assumed) was born after the US invasion of Afghanistan. He studied political science and law at a reputed university. As he writes to the BBC, From mid-August, he was promised eviction.
During his stay in Afghanistan, he was forced to change his style of dress in accordance with the rules of the Taliban regime. This fashion-addicted teenager then had to change her skinny jeans, colorful tunics and scarf into a plain black hijab. “I have never worn one like this“, She says.
Conditions have changed very little
Currently, conditions for women have become much less. In most provinces, including the capital Kabul, the Girls are barred from going to high school And women are still excluded from the workplace. Their positions are always vacant or occupied by men.
For others, some saw their situation improve, while others saw it worse: Mari, a former ministry employee, has left Kabul and is living in an unknown location. Jala, a young graduate, is still waiting to be expelled. She begins to believe that she will never leave. Kathera, the teacher, sits at home in the cold and dreams of going back to school. A doctor named Mahera recently received a marriage proposal from someone associated with the Taliban. She did not want him to marry her. Finally, Wahida is determined to continue to be the voice of Afghan women.
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