Vaccines, Tests, Immunity: How Does It Work?
Vaccination, negative test or treatment
The official name of this health pass is “European Covit Digital Certificate” which is free and must be approved in 27 EU countries, including Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Iceland and Norway.
According to the commission, all member states will be able to release or accept them on Thursday, with the exception of Ireland, which has been hit hard by cyber attacks. As of Wednesday evening, 21 EU countries had already logged into the computer’s common portal, while the other six were technically ready.
This “pass” applies to three situations: a person has been vaccinated against Covit-19, they have passed a negative test, or they are immunized after being diagnosed with the disease.
Country to decide whether to accept rapid antigenic testing in addition to PCR. The EU recommends accepting both and synchronizing their validity period (no more than 72 hours for PCRs and no more than 48 hours for antigens).
To prove that they are immunocompromised after infection, a person must provide a positive PCR test to prove their infection.
The validity of this positive test is set at a maximum of 180 days, but states may decide to reduce it. Serological tests are not yet considered reliable enough to confirm this immunity.
This restriction is valid for twelve months.
For countries that are not ready to issue certificates according to the European model by July 1, a “progressive application” period is planned with a grace period of up to 12 August. During this period, other states must accept national documents on the condition that they have the required data at the European level.
Countries must accept vaccinated soil travelers with four products approved at the European level: Pfizer / Bioendech, Moderna, Astrogeneka and Johnson & Johnson.
Member states may agree to vaccinate with serum approved by some EU countries (such as Russian Sputnik used in Hungary) or with WHO-approved products (such as Chinese Sinoform) – but not mandatory.
More than isolation?
The certificate should exempt its holder from further inspection or isolation of arrival, but if the condition of appearance of a country or traveler deteriorates, it is still possible for a member country to introduce restrictions. In this case the Government must notify the Commission and other countries 48 hours prior to the introduction of these restrictions.
The Delta variant has already led Germany to include Portugal – this variant has become major – in the list of countries at risk, preventing it from taking effect from this state.
Travelers can access the “Reopened EU” site, which lists the conditions applicable in various European countries.
Leading organizations in the aviation sector on Tuesday listed national “different strategies” for implementing health certification, ten application solutions across the EU, “significant failures” and long queues for passengers at airports.
Digital or paper media
The certificate contains a QR code and a digital signature confirming its authenticity, which can be read by all EU countries. It can be controlled in digital form on a smartphone or provided to the authorities in charge or printed on paper.
It is up to member states to determine whether they integrate this certificate into their national tracking application, or whether they use a separate application.
The text provides that the certificate must contain only “absolutely necessary” personal data in accordance with European regulations (GDPR).
These data are not exchanged between countries, only the key that allows you to verify the authenticity of the certificate should be sent. Possession of data such as destination or country of transport is prohibited.
What’s the use?
European rules are about unrestricted movement, but member states may decide to use this European certification for other purposes (concerts, festivals, etc.) within the framework of their national law.
The European Union is in discussions with several third countries, including the United Kingdom and the United States, for mutual recognition and the validity of the documents.
In addition, member states have the opportunity to accept any evidence of vaccination for travelers from third countries, a vaccine approved by the European Union or approved by the World Health Organization.
Twenty-seven is possible, but it is not an obligation to issue European health certificates on a case-by-case basis to travelers who have been vaccinated administered in a third country.
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