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The historic center of the Ukrainian city of Odessa and sites in Yemen and Lebanon were added to the World Heritage List Wednesday by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
All three sites were simultaneously added to the UNESCO List of World Heritage in Danger.
UNESCO’s founding agreement obliges all members – which include Russia and Ukraine – “not to take any deliberate measures that directly or indirectly harm their own heritage or that of another State Party to the Convention.”
Audrey Azoulay, the director-general of UNESCO, said in a statement that she hoped the list would help protect Odessa from war.
“Odessa, a free city, a cosmopolitan city, a legendary port that has left its mark on cinema, literature and the arts, has been placed under the enhanced protection of the international community,” said Azoulay.
“While the war continues, this inscription embodies our collective determination to ensure that this city, which has always overcome global upheaval, is preserved from further destruction.”
The statement said the decision would give Ukraine access to “international technical and financial assistance” to protect and rehabilitate the city centre.
The inscription was made during an extraordinary session of the World Heritage Committee in Paris.
The meeting addressed three threatened sites:
• The historical center of Odessa (Ukraine)
• Rashid Karami International Fair – Tripoli (Lebanon)
• Landmarks of the ancient Kingdom of Sheba in Marib Governorate (Yemen)
All three are now included on both the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger.
In Yemen, the site includes seven archaeological sites that show the architectural, aesthetic, and technological achievements of the Kingdom of Sheba from the first millennium BC until the arrival of Islam around 630 AD.
The site has been added to the “In Danger” list due to threats to the site from the ongoing conflict in Yemen.
The location in Lebanon, the Rachid Karami International Gallery in Tripoli, was designed by Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer in 1962. The main building is a covered exhibition hall in the shape of a boom.
“It is one of the major representative works of twentieth-century modern architecture in the Arab Near East,” UNESCO said in a press release.
UNESCO said it was added to the threat list because of its “alarming state of conservation, lack of financial resources for its maintenance, and the inherent risks of development proposals that could affect the integrity of the complex.”
Top photo: The historic center of Odessa, Ukraine, is now inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. (Pergamont/iStockphoto/Getty Images)
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